Even Golf is rather a democratic kind of sport; it has its own number of rules and requirements. And not many players, who deftly swiping the ball, think about the fact that Golf ball has been made in accordance with clearly established standards that define its characteristics and movements in the game.
In the history of the development of Golf, there were 3 types of balls: 1) a ball with feathers 2) a ball of gutta-percha 3) a ball with a rubber coating. The first type of ball was used long enough before the mid-19th century, for nearly 400 years. The second and the third types were used in the last 150 years of the evolution of Golf. A ball that was made from feathers dominated the game for so long time not because of some of its specific advantages, but due to the fact that there was no other alternative. This ball consisted of a spherical outer cover, stuffed with lots of feathers. In 1850 a great replacement to an existing ball was found. The ball was made from resinous excretion from Malaysia, which is called gutta-percha. Golfers all over the world, of course, were excited about the invention. Gutta-percha could be softened in warm water, to give it the shape of a ball — first manually, and later in steel form and then give it to harden at a lower temperature. The result was a perfect sphere that rolled right, what happened for the first time in the history of Golf. However, from the very beginning there was a problem. Smooth balls would not fly a significant distance.
In the XX century rubber balls began to be used in the game. And finally, the result of numerous developments and experiments brought the introduction of a solid ball made of synthetic materials at the end of the last century. According to the requirements, the modern Golf ball has a weight of not less than 45.9 grams and a diameter of at least 42.67 mm. In the UK it is possible to use balls slightly smaller size — 41.1 mm. Structure of the ball consists of several layers. The basis of product design is the core and the upper layer is a sheath of material, which composition is similar with rubber.
The exterior surface of the ball is covered with small dimples. There may be a different number, depending on the decision of a particular manufacturer, from 324 to 428 dimples and even more. The presence of these hollows improves the aerodynamic characteristics of the ball: reducing air resistance, airflow during the flight. Thus, the ball can fly further, higher and clearly on a given trajectory without deviation. This allows producing a more accurate swing, giving it the maximum possible strength and faster throwing it in the hole. Modern technology continues to improve the Golf ball, as a result of innovations, roll and flights of the ball are becoming more stable.